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      Social education and social work in Japan: from an education welfare theory perspective

      research-article
      International Journal of Social Pedagogy
      UCL Press
      education welfare theory, social pedagogy, social education, social work, social welfare, history, Japan

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          Abstract

          This article aims to consider the position of social pedagogy in Japan in the relationship between social education and social work, by focusing on the historical development of the two. In Japan, the term social pedagogy is not as well known as it is in European countries. The term of social education is used to cover the combination of ‘social’ and ‘education/pedagogy’. Historically, social pedagogy was influenced by Japanese social education at the beginning of the 1900s, and more recently, interest in social pedagogy is increasing, with attention from some Japanese researchers in the fields of both social education and social work/social welfare. In Japan, after the Second World War, social education and social work came to be entirely separate areas due to the establishment of social education and social welfare systems. In this article the different institutional positions of modern-day social education and social work/social welfare are first clarified. Their historical development is then explored by delving into the literature that discusses how the two first diverged. Finally, how social pedagogy is positioned in the relationship between social education and social work/social welfare is considered. This will deepen the understanding of the issue from the viewpoint of education welfare theory as the research framework, a theory of Toshio Ogawa, one of the leading figures in Japanese social education research.

          Most cited references17

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          History of the Japanese Society of Social Welfare: Focusing on the early days

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            Social education in Japan before WWII

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              Trends and issues in studies on social stratification and education

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                IJSP
                International Journal of Social Pedagogy
                UCL Press
                2051-5804
                30 September 2021
                : 10
                : 1
                : 12
                Affiliations
                Assistant Professor, Faculty of Education, Kochi University, Kochi, Japan; yaka_m@ 123456kochi-u.ac.jp
                Article
                IJSP-10-12
                10.14324/111.444.ijsp.2021.v10.x.012
                96294283-dbe5-433a-82fc-05e14b19d487
                © 2021, Yaka Matsuda.

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licence (CC BY) 4.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited • DOI: https://doi.org/10.14324/111.444.ijsp.2021.v10.x.012.

                History
                : 05 January 2021
                : 01 September 2021
                Page count
                Pages: 13
                Categories
                Article
                Custom metadata
                Matsuda, Y. (2021). Social education and social work in Japan: from an education welfare theory perspective. International Journal of Social Pedagogy, 10( 1): 12. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14324/111.444.ijsp.2021.v10.x.012.

                Sociology,Education,Social policy & Welfare,General social science,General behavioral science,Family & Child studies
                Japan,social welfare,social pedagogy,social work,social education,education welfare theory,history

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