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      The founding of the London Bet Holim hospital in 1748 and the secularization of sedaca in the Spanish and Portuguese Jewish community in the eighteenth century

      1 , * ,
      Jewish Historical Studies
      UCL Press

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          Jewish Historical Studies
          UCL Press (UK )
          08 March 2018
          : 49
          : 1
          : 106-143
          [1 ]St. Louis University, USA
          Author notes
          [* ]Correspondence: julia.lieberman@ 123456slu.edu

          The research behind this article has received funding from the European Research Council under the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007–2013). Yosef Kaplan, Bernard Cherrick Professor of the History of the Jewish People at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, is the director of the grant. I wish to thank Dr. Kaplan for inviting me to be part of this research project. I also wish to thank Michael Hoberman and Laura Arnold Leibman for reading various versions of this essay and offering insightful feedback. I am grateful to the Spanish and Portuguese Jews’ Congregation of London for permission to use the following MSS, which are held at the London Metropolitan Archives (LMA): Ms. 73, First Minute Book of the Committee of the Bet Holim, 1747–1805 (hereafter, Ms. 73, Bet Holim-1); Ms. 74, Bet Holim General Committee Minutes, 1748–1780 (hereafter, Ms. 74, Bet Holim-2); Ms. 76, Bet Holim General Committee Minutes, 1781–1814 (hereafter, Ms. 76, Bet Holim-3); Ms. 259, Revised Ascamot (Laws) and Accounts, 1752–1827 (hereafter, Ms. 259, Revised Ascamot). I have also used the following microfilms held at the Central Archives for the History of the Jewish People, Jerusalem: HM2/993, Minutes of the Mahamad (executive board) of London’s Spanish and Portuguese Jews’ Congregation, 1751–1775 (hereafter, HM2/993, Minutes of the Mahamad); HM2/997, Elders’ Minute Book I, 1735–1769 (hereafter, HM2/997, Elders’ Minutes I). These MSS are not always paginated in the original and neither have they been hand-paginated by archivists, as is the norm in other archives. In addition, the digitization has not always been done adequately. Ms. 73 in particular presents a challenge as scans 1–24 are folios that belong in various places, and the beginning of the document is scan 25. As I was fortunate to be able to consult the London originals, I have chosen to give dates of minutes, as recorded in the originals, instead of following the numbering of the scans.

          © 2017, The Author(s).

          This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY) 4.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

          Page count
          Pages: 38
          Research Article

          Jewish history,Jewish literature studies,History
          Jewish history, Jewish literature studies, History


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