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      World War I commemoration and student historical consciousness: A study of high-school students' views

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            Abstract

            Commemoration of World War I (WWI), and specifically the Gallipoli campaign, holds a significant place in the Australian public imagination. This is currently heightened with the WWI centenary commemorations (2014–18) occurring on a local, national and international scale. In the current political climate, there has been a resurgence of nationalism amid fear of terrorist attacks and uncertain political futures. Traditionally, history education has been considered, by some, a tool for the promotion of national identity, despite history education literature and many curriculum documents increasingly focused on fostering historical consciousness in students. The Gallipoli campaign, and subsequent Anzac mythology, has maintained a strong focus in Australia as a means of promotion, and often celebration, of Australian culture in public history, including personal and familial connections via ancestral participation in WWI. This article explores the types of historical education conducted in three high schools. As part of a regular history lesson, students were provided with five sources and a series of questions to answer about the Gallipoli campaign as a historical and commemorative event. Students' responses are analysed in this paper using Jörn Rüsen's typology of historical consciousness (Rüsen, 2004) to gain an understanding of how students think about the commemoration of the Gallipoli campaign. Specifically, this paper is interested in students' navigation of collective memory and nationalistic narratives evident in the public sphere and popular culture, and how these inform a sense of historical consciousness.

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            Author and article information

            Journal
            75011015
            History Education Research Journal
            UCL IOE Press
            1472-9474
            1472-9466
            26 October 2018
            : 15
            : 2
            : 193-205
            Article
            1472-9474(20181026)15:2L.193;1- s3.phd /ioep/herj/2018/00000015/00000002/art00003
            10.18546/HERJ.15.2.03
            3b821693-1af8-4716-81ca-b6ae587dc794
            Copyright @ 2018
            History
            Categories
            Articles

            Educational research & Statistics,General education,History
            AUSTRALIA,SECONDARY SCHOOL,HISTORY EDUCATION,COLLECTIVE MEMORY,NATIONAL IDENTITY,HISTORICAL CONSCIOUSNESS,WORLD WAR I

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