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      A case study of trainee teachers' mental models of history teaching before and after an initial history teaching professional development course

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            Abstract

            The study compares 28 third-year University of Cape Coast trainee teachers' perceptions and mental models of history teaching before and after an initial history teaching professional development course – the Methods of Teaching History Course – to prepare them to teach history. The History Course was an intervention strategy built around episodic memory theory. The research questions were: Do trainees' perceptions (mental models) of history teaching remain the same or change during the History Course? If they change, how and why? Research involved all 28 trainees before and after they took the course through the use of a questionnaire and vignettes, plus a post-course interview of 12 of the trainees. The researcher used a deductive approach to analyse data about three aspects of the trainees' history teaching mental models: pedagogy, teaching styles as illustrated through classroom organization, and how students learn history. Findings revealed a marked difference between the trainees' pre- and post-course mental models of what school history is and how it should be taught. The trainees' pre-course mental models changed as a result of the knowledge and understanding they acquired during the History Course. A major finding was that such professional development courses need fully to take account of trainees' pre-course conceptions that shape their mental models of history teaching.

            Content

            Author and article information

            Journal
            75011015
            History Education Research Journal
            UCL IOE Press
            1472-9474
            1472-9466
            26 October 2018
            : 15
            : 2
            : 248-263
            Article
            1472-9474(20181026)15:2L.248;1- s7.phd /ioep/herj/2018/00000015/00000002/art00007
            10.18546/HERJ.15.2.07
            e9618d40-1dd8-43cc-87ae-324cd6227e88
            Copyright @ 2018
            History
            Categories
            Articles

            Educational research & Statistics,General education,History
            EPISODIC MEMORY THEORY,TEACHER PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT,MENTAL MODELS,GHANA,CONSTRUCTIVIST THEORY,PRE-SERVICE TEACHERS,METHODS COURSE

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