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      Triangulation in history education research, and its limitations: A view from the UK

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            Abstract

            This paper explains how different forms of triangulation have been used in recent history education research in the UK, and attempts to assess the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches to triangulation. It also draws attention to the limitations of triangulation as a means of making claims about the validity of research outcomes. In spite of the pronouncements of policymakers in the UK that education reforms will be 'evidence based', there are many examples of distortion and misrepresentation in the field of history education research. The paper gives some examples of the ways in which triangulation and mixed methods have been used in research in history education in the UK, and argues that without an underpinning commitment to veracity and respect for evidence, sample size, research approach and range of triangulation methods cannot ensure that reasonable claims are made for the outcomes of research. The concluding section of the paper suggests ways of complementing triangulation as a means of moderating judgements and claims in history education research, and argues that it is important that history teachers have an intelligent and well-informed understanding of the potential usefulness and the limitations of research studies in history education. Although the examples of research cited are from the UK, the question of how to optimize the use of mixed methods in history education research is an important issue for researchers and academics in history education worldwide.

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            Author and article information

            Journal
            75011015
            History Education Research Journal
            UCL IOE Press
            1472-9474
            1472-9466
            30 April 2019
            : 16
            : 1
            : 35-49
            Article
            1472-9474(20190430)16:1L.35;1- s4.phd /ioep/herj/2019/00000016/00000001/art00004
            10.18546/HERJ.16.1.04
            c892feae-4e4a-46b7-8955-2596a6196890
            Copyright @ 2019
            History
            Categories
            Articles

            Educational research & Statistics,General education,History
            EVIDENCE-BASED POLICY,TRIANGULATION,HISTORY EDUCATION,MIXED METHODS,RESEARCH METHODS

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