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      Corrections education and employment assistance 'Down Under': Current and emerging practices and paradigms

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            Abstract

            This article provides a view of contemporary Australia in terms of patterns of offending and incarceration, the characteristics of its correctional systems, vocational education and training (VET) within correctional settings, and post-release employment of prisoners and offenders serving community-based orders (CBOs). A two-year case study of employment assistance for 2,458 Australian prisoners and offenders serving CBOs was evaluated. The voluntary 12-month programme targeted participants at moderate to high risk of reoffending. Overall, employment outcomes were positive with more than one-third of registrations resulting in employment. Employment outcomes varied for gender and participant status (prisoner/offender). Recidivism outcomes were analysed for the whole programme and for a random sample of 600 prisoner participants. Results indicated a very low overall recidivism rate (7.46 per cent) for programme participants, and comparison of pre-programme and post-release recidivism showed reduced recidivism on three recidivism measures. The findings are contextualized in terms of current thinking and emerging practices in offender treatment, with a focus on reintegration as ecological system engagement and integrated systems of support as central to promoting positive lifestyle change.

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            Journal
            10430
            London Review of Education
            IOE Press
            1474-8460
            31 July 2014
            : 12
            : 2
            : 221-234
            Article
            1474-8460(20140731)12:2L.221;1- s7.phd /ioep/clre/2014/00000012/00000002/art00007
            10.18546/LRE.12.2.07
            8cd3ad10-15d4-4a03-bb5c-b67b45a6f60c
            Copyright @ 2014
            History
            Categories
            Articles

            Education,Assessment, Evaluation & Research methods,Educational research & Statistics,General education
            EMPLOYMENT TRAINING,OFFENDERS,EMPLOYMENT ASSISTANCE,CORRECTIONS EDUCATION,PRISONERS

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