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      Pedagogical knowledge in English language teaching: A lifelong-learning, complex-system perspective

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            Abstract

            Pedagogical knowledge has been the subject of theoretical and empirical studies. However, no research has so far integrated the existing scholarship with data to develop and validate a framework for pedagogical knowledge in English language teaching informed by lifelong-learning, complex-system perspectives. In the absence of such research, we used a mixed method research design through a systematic review of the literature, semi-structured interviews with experienced teachers (N=10) and teacher educators (N=10), as well as a survey of 336 practising teachers in Iran to: (1) develop a framework for pedagogical knowledge; and (2) validate this framework by designing a self-assessment questionnaire for pedagogical knowledge. Our analyses yielded a nine-component model that included: knowledge of subject matter; knowledge of teaching; knowledge of students; knowledge of classroom management; knowledge of educational context; knowledge of democracy, equity and diversity; knowledge of tests/exams; knowledge of learning; and knowledge of (professional) self. Within this nine-factor framework, each component of pedagogical knowledge consists of a number of subcomponents. The proposed framework highlights the multidimensionality and complexity of pedagogical knowledge, and the mutually constitutive relationships among different knowledge domains.

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            Author and article information

            Journal
            10430
            London Review of Education
            UCL IOE Press
            1474-8460
            01 March 2020
            : 18
            : 1
            : 107-125
            Article
            1474-8460(20200301)18:1L.107;1- s8.phd /ioep/clre/2020/00000018/00000001/art00008
            10.18546/LRE.18.1.08
            a748a1e2-96dc-4a36-b8d0-9f7b160c654a
            Copyright @ 2020
            History
            Categories
            Articles: General

            Education,Assessment, Evaluation & Research methods,Educational research & Statistics,General education
            LIFELONG LEARNING,PEDAGOGICAL KNOWLEDGE,CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK,COMPLEX SYSTEM

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